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1. The port of Shanghai handled 744 million tons of cargo
According to the throughput of goods, Shanghai port is the largest port in the world.
In 2012, the port handled 744 million tons of cargo, including 32.5 million 20-foot equivalent units (TEU) containers.
The port is located at the mouth of the Yangtze river, covering an area of 3,619 square kilometers.
Wusong mouth, waigaoqiao and yangshan are three main container port areas.
The port includes 125 berths with a total length of about 20 km.
It serves more than 2,000 container ships a month, accounting for a quarter of China's total foreign trade.
2. Singapore port, cargo throughput 537.6 million tons
The Singapore port handled 537.6 million tons of cargo in 2012, making it the world's second largest port.
The port's container throughput exceeded 30 million teus for the first time in 2012.
The port terminal is located in Tanjong Pagar, Keppel, Brani, Pasir Panjang, Sembawang and Jurong.
The terminal is managed by PSA Singapore and Jurong Port.
The port receives an average of 140,000 ships a year and connects 600 ports around the world.
It is equipped with 204 dock cranes and many gantry cranes.
The port of Singapore is currently in the midst of a major wharf expansion project that will add 15 berths after fully operational by 2020.
3. Tianjin port has a cargo throughput of 476 million tons
The world's third largest port is tianjin port (formerly tanggu), with cargo and container throughput increasing by 5.3% and 6.2% in 2012.
In 2012, it handled 476 million tons of cargo and 12.3 million twenty-foot equivalent units of containers.
The port is located at the mouth of haihe river in north China, covering an area of 336 square kilometers and a land area of 131 square kilometers.
It connects more than 500 ports and serves 189 countries.
The port has 159 berths and consists of northern port, southern port, dongjiang port, southern economic zone, southeastern region and other auxiliary ports.
4. Cargo throughput of guangzhou port is 460 million tons
In 2012, guangzhou port handled more than 460 million tons of cargo, becoming the world's fourth largest cargo port.
The port is in the middle of the pearl river delta.
It handled its first 100 million tons of cargo in 1999.
Since then the volume of cargo has increased substantially.
The port includes four major areas, including the downtown port, huangpu port, xinsha port and nansha port area.
It is now China's largest coal terminal.
5. Ningbo port, handling capacity of 453 million tons
Ningbo port handled more than 453m tonnes of cargo in 2012, making it the world's fifth-largest port.
The port's TEU capacity also reached 15.6 million tons in the same year.
Located in coastal zhejiang province, the port consists of beilun port, zhenhai port, ningbo port, daxie port and pengshan port.
The port consists of 309 berths and connects more than 600 ports in more than 100 countries.
6. The cargo throughput of Rotterdam port is 441.5 million tons
Rotterdam is currently the largest port in Europe and is also the world's largest port.
The world's sixth largest port by annual cargo throughput.
The port handled 441.5 million tons of cargo in 2012.
The port, which includes its nearby industrial park, is about 42 kilometers long and covers an area of about 12,426 hectares.
It is managed and operated by the port authority of Rotterdam (PoRA).
It is the only port in northwestern Europe that allows unrestricted access to the deepest ships.
A major port expansion project called the Maasvlakte 2 was launched in 2008.
The first phase of the expansion, which opened in May 2013, will eventually double the port's container transport capacity.
7. Suzhou port, with a cargo throughput of 428 million tons
Suzhou port achieved 428 million tons of cargo throughput in 2012, up 12.61 percent from 2011, and is now the seventh largest port in the world.
It is also one of the busiest inland river ports in the world.
The port is owned by the suzhou government.
It consists of zhangjiagang, changshu and taicang ports, located in the lower reaches of the Yangtze river in jiangsu province.
The port has 224 berths and involves hundreds of international and domestic shipping companies.
It mainly trades in goods such as coal, steel and building materials.
8. Qingdao port, 400 million tons
Qingdao port, located at the entrance of jiaozhou bay on the south coast of the shadong peninsula overlooking the yellow sea, handled more than 400 million tons of cargo in 2012 and is now the eighth largest port in the world.
The port is known as the world's largest iron ore port and China's largest crude oil port.
The port brings together Qingdao's old port, huangdao oil port and qianwan Newport, and connects with more than 450 ports in more than 130 countries and regions around the world.
Qingdao economic and technological development zone, Qingdao bonded zone and Qingdao high-tech industrial zone are located near the port.